ISSN: 1998 - 4162

JISR MSSE Journal Contents

Volume 11, Number 2, July 2013


Identification of Impediments in Export Promotion Zones of Pakistan
Dr. Uzma Mukhtar - Department of CS&IT, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan
Dr. Syed Ain ud Din - Department of Geography, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan


Abstract
Pakistan enjoys pivotal position among energy-rich Central Asian States and Gulf countries. Export Promotion Zones (EPZs) are playing important role in the economic development of countries since the formation of these zones. In Pakistan, Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA) was established in 1980. Comparative research studies and reports in literature depict that economic share of EPZs of Pakistan is not much impressive and its economic share in the country lags behind neighboring countries. EPZA hence is faced with external factors like devaluation of rupee, euro country crisis, foreign investors’ retention and attraction in Pakistan but this study aims to analyze internal factors or impediments that have a direct impact on foreign investment. Data was collected through survey questionnaire from respondents (n=480). Data was analyzed using SPSS (11.5 Version). Regression results identify work environment, bhatta culture, high inflation, political instability, inadequate skill enhancement, inadequate training and infrastructural facilities as major impediments for EPZ development in Pakistan. Thus, this study concludes that positive work environment, political stability and security, adequate infrastructural facilities, appropriate location of industrial units, upgradation of workers skill, provision of training, overcoming the bhatta culture and stable inflation will help boosting the development and performance of export promotion zones of Pakistan.

Keywords: Bhatta, economic, development, Export Promotion Zones, impediments for EPZs,work environment


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